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AI for Good: Saving sperm whales Asperm whale whale whale whale is is is a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a very peculiar type of of of of To provide the the the the the the necessary necessary protection protection prohibiting whale whale whale whale whale: Its head makes up as as much as as 30% of of the the length of of the the animal That is why researchers named it “Physeter macrocephalus ” which translates to “the big-headed blower ” Unfortunately the majestic sperm whale has been listed as as vulnerable on on on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) list since 2008 mainly due to the extensive whale hunting which occurred during the whaling era between the 18th and 20th centuries Due to this and other more modern threats such as naval sonar and ghost fishing gear it fis is more important than ever to protect this species hunting is not enough It’s necessary to study these animals and track where they go highlighting important migration routes to ensure protection of the whales’ natural habitats For the scientists who have dedicated their lives to to tracking and monitoring whales it it it is vital that they are able to identify individual whales reliably and accurately This identification helps to better understand and and protect sperm whales as as well as as gain insights into their social structure An individual sperm whale can be identified by its fluke which shows unique markings and structures depending on how the the whale has lived therefore acting like fingerprints This unique aspect is is is why scientists take photos of the fluke documenting key information about the the the time area and other important aspects of the the the observation and then compare those pictures with existing ones and use statistics to work out out details about local whale populations and behavior However in order to do this researchers must match new whale pictures with historical ones which is is far Data-powered Innovation Review I I ©2020 Capgemini All rights reserved 29 

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